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성인학습자의 불안애착이 스마트폰 과의존에 미치는 영향 : 결혼 만족도의 매개효과와 직장생활 유무의 조절효과를 중심으로

The Influences of Adult Learner's Anxiety Attachment on Smartphone Overdependence

김혜숙 (Kim Hye-Suk)

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초록 moremore
Modern people living in the era of smart media can not cope with the reaction of desire for interpersonal relationship when the anxiety attachment of the relationships, and communication becomes disconnected in everyday life. In an unsatisfying life that did not get from an affectionate relationship...
Modern people living in the era of smart media can not cope with the reaction of desire for interpersonal relationship when the anxiety attachment of the relationships, and communication becomes disconnected in everyday life. In an unsatisfying life that did not get from an affectionate relationship, This study intensively pursue intimacy and bondage to compensate for the use of smartphone. In addition, anxiety attachment affects marital life, and anxiety attachment in the formation of relationship with all family leads to negative reaction to marriage due to deterioration or dissatisfaction of family relationship, and it leads to the aspect of addiction of smartphone overdependence. This study is to investigate the effects of anxiety attachment of adult learner’s on smartphone overdependence. The mediating effects of the marital satisfaction and the moderating effects of the work life about adult learner’s anxiety attachment were analyzed. The purpose of this study is to provide the basis for improving the quality of life due to anxiety attachment and marital dissatisfaction of adult learners. In order to achieve the purpose of the study, a research model was set up through literature research. Data were collected from a total of 254 students who consented to participate in the study from A college in Naju City from June 5 to June 30, 2017 for the empirical verification. Validity analysis, reliability analysis, descriptive statistics analysis, correlation analysis, t-test were conducted using the SPSS Statistics 22.0 program. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis and multiple regression analysis were performed for the hypothesis test. The results of this study are as follows. First, correlation analysis showed that there was a positively correlation between anxiety attachment and smartphone overdependence and the daily life disorder which is a subordinate factor of smartphone overdependence, showed the highest static correlation. Anxiety attachment and marital satisfaction are positively correlated with negative responses to marriage. Anxiety attachment predicts negative responses to marriage of marital satisfaction well. Sub-factors of smartphone overdependence such as withdrawal, tolerance, daily life disorder, and virtual world orientation were highly positive correlated with negative responses to marriage. This implies that there is a correlation between the anxiety attachment of adult learners, marital satisfaction, and smartphone dependence. These results can be solved and improved for marriage by educating the communication method of marriage so that adults convert marital life dissatisfaction due to anxiety attachment into marital satisfaction. It is expected that basic research and programs should be operated so as not to cause the dysfunction due to dependence on smartphone. Second, independent sample t-test was conducted to analyze the difference between anxiety attachment, negative response to marriage, positive response to marriage, smartphone overdependence(withdrawal, tolerance, daily life disorder, virtual world orientation) according to presence or absence of work. The results showed that the significance level of significance probability by F value was greater than 0.05. There was no significant difference of the work life between each variables. However, the mean value of differences in work life was higher when each variable was not working, and it was found that anxiety attachment and negative responses to marital life were perceived higher when working. Third, multiple regression analysis was conducted to verify the mediating effects of marital satisfaction. The marital satisfaction according to anxiety attachment was mediating effect between smart phone and dependency, withdrawal, tolerance, daily life disorder, and virtual world orientation. The median effect of the Sobel test was very significant for the statistical significance of the mediation effect. Negative reactions to marriage have mediating effects on smartphone dependence, withdrawal, daily life disability, and virtual world orientation. Sobel Test also proved that mediating effects were obtained with the same results. The positive response to the marriage played a mediating role between smartphone overdependence, withdrawal, and virtual world orientation but the Sobel test result was not adopted because the mediating effect was not significant and the tolerance and daily life disability were not significant. In other words, the higher the anxiety attachment, the greater the dissatisfaction with marriage. As the greater the dissatisfaction with marriage, the possibility of overdependence on smartphone increases. Fourth, hierarchical multiple regression analysis was conducted to verify the effects of the work life between anxiety attachment and smartphone overdependence. The effects of anxiety attachment on smartphone dependency, withdrawal, tolerance, and virtual world orientation are significant depend on the work life. However, daily living disability did not have a significant effect. In the relationship between anxiety attachment and smartphone overdependence, withdrawal, tolerance, and virtual world orientation, the results of the moderating effects graph according to the work life are intersecting the upper and lower groups with work life. The synergy effect of smartphone overdependence, withdrawal, tolerance, and virtual world orientation due to anxiety attachment showed a great synergy and There was no interactions in daily living disability and no intersections. As a result of the difference between smartphone overdependence due to anxiety on the existence of work life, adult learners are able to operate their education and programs to reduce stress in their work life. As a result, it is urgent to make policy efforts to provide directions for dissatisfaction with marriage and smartphone overdependence. This result is expected to be a more effective basis for prevention and therapeutic treatment by emphasizing anxiety attachment and marital satisfaction at the intervention of smartphone overdependence for adult learners.
목차 moremore
제1장 서론 1
제1절 연구목적 1
제2절 연구범위 및 방법 4
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제1장 서론 1
제1절 연구목적 1
제2절 연구범위 및 방법 4
제2장 이론적 배경 7
제1절 성인학습자의 불안애착 7
제2절 결혼만족도 12
제3절 스마트폰 과의존 18
제4절 선행연구 28
제3장 연구설계 38
제1절 연구모형 및 가설 38
제2절 변수의 조작적 정의 및 측정 41
제3절 자료수집 및 분석 방법 48
제4장 실증분석 50
제1절 표본의 특성 50
제2절 측정도구의 검증 52
제3절 기술통계 55
제4절 가설의 검증 62
제5절 분석결과의 논의 91
제5장 결론 100
제1절 연구결과 요약 100
제2절 연구의 시사점 103
제3절 향후 연구방향 107
참고문헌 110
부록 설문지 128